The best way to learn about how something works is to get hands on experience. If you are interested in learning about solar energy systems, you should go about building your own solar panel. If you do not have any experience in the field, you should get started with a smaller project, like building an electric toy car, and then move on to a more complex project. However, if you feel you can jump right into building a solar panel, you definitely should. If you have kids who are learning about subjects revolving around solar energy, you can use this as a fun family activity.
There are a few options you can choose from when building a solar panel. Most people like to start from scratch, building a solar cells from copper sheeting, glass and a frame. However, going this route will not give you the end result you want. Usually solar panels that are built this way are not actually built to generate a good amount of electricity production. The voltage it produces might not even be enough to power little things like light bulbs. Nevertheless, you will still learn something about solar panel systems.
If you are considering building a solar panel that will be able to generate enough electricity to power big appliances like a laptop, etc. then you will need to look into buying solar cells for your solar panel that have much more power than a copper sheeting cell. You will need silicon based solar cells. These types of cells would prove to be way too expensive to create at home so your best bet is to buy it from a manufacturer.
You must also consider the quality of the material you will go about using for your solar panel. Take into consideration the wiring, frames, top, and backings. The glass you install into your solar panel should be able to withstand any extreme weather you might encounter in your area. Also take into consideration the fire hazards. Remember that there are those “very hot” days during summer that you must look out for. You must ensure the solar panel is fireproof.
Learning how to build a solar panel is great, but can be a headache if you don’t what you should be doing. The best thing you can do is look for a guide that will assist you in the building of your solar panel the right way. An alternative would be to find someone with electrical experience and have him/her coach you.